Posted Jul 21, 2022, 2:54 PM
The June unemployment figures to be released by the Department of Labor on Monday July 25 will tell if the dyke continues to hold on the jobs front. In any case, a page turned this spring: with telework, partial unemployment had been the main tool for resisting the shock caused by the Covid epidemic on the economy. It has now returned to its pre-crisis level, according to the latest published data.
The Research Department of the Ministry of Labor (Dares) in fact only identified in April 2022 170,000 employees concerned. To be compared to the 8.4 million people – a third of the employees! – concerned two years before, in April 2020, during the first confinement which had shut down whole sections of the French economy and brutally slowed down the rest.
A more structural dimension
The brake is obvious, including compared to March, according to the “advanced and provisional” estimate drawn from the personal social declarations and requests for compensation filed on July 1, 2022 published by Dares. The drop in the number of people concerned is 31% and that in full-time equivalent by 35%.
Have we reached an incompressible threshold? In any case, partial unemployment now takes on a more structural dimension, with an increasing weight of the long-term partial activity scheme (APLD) set up by collective agreement to deal with difficulties and aided more strongly by the State. . The employees concerned represented 84% of all those in partial activity in April 2022, an increase in proportion compared to the previous month (65%).
An important tool
If it is no longer massive as it may have been, partial unemployment is now an important tool of the government system to limit layoffs in the event of economic shocks.
Thus, if the State aid in the event of APLD must stop on December 31 next, it has been extended by twelve months within the framework of the “resilience plan” decided by Emmanuel Macron to deal with the consequences of the war in Ukraine. Another illustration: in Gironde, the prefecture has just informed that companies affected by the consequences of the fires will be able to resort to partial activity, if the fire has reached their premises as in the event of a temporary ban on activity or access. which fall under the ground of exceptional circumstances which may justify recourse to partial activity.
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