Two cases of Marburg virus disease have been identified in Ghana: an update on this infectious disease transmitted by bats.
For several years now, zoonoses (i.e. infectious diseases capable of being transmitted from animals to humans) have had an unfortunate tendency to multiply – we are thinking of Covid-19, of course, but also monkeypox.
Now a new zoonosis has been added to the list: this Sunday, July 17, 2022, the Marburg virus disease was spotted in Ghana.
First identified in 1967, the Marburg virus is transmitted from bats to monkeys or humans, via bodily fluids or contaminated surfaces. In humans, it is responsible for a hemorrhagic fever comparable to Ebola.
Symptoms that suggest severe gastroenteritis
On the side of the main symptoms, we can mention a high fever, headaches (that is to say: intense headaches), diarrhea with blood in the stools, abdominal cramps and vomiting.
To date, there is no treatment or vaccine against the Marburg virus, which belongs to the flovirus family: its lethality rate is very high since, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), between 24% and 88% of affected patients do not survive. Death usually occurs due to very severe dehydration of the body.
In Ghana, the Marburg virus killed two people in early July 2022, two men aged 26 and 51. Their 98 contact cases are currently in quarantine. Local health authorities say they are doing everything to “protect the health of the population“, calling for cooperation “of all“so that the virus is”content effectively“.
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