Faced with pain, we tend to limit our movements, to go out less, to stop sport… However, this is a bad reflex. “On the contrary, we know that physical activity is a treatment for osteoarthritis, whether it concerns the knees, the hip or even the hands”, recalls the rheumatologist. This indeed prevents stiffness and ankylosis and contributes to weight loss.
Still need to be able to move : “we must first take care of relieving the pain and calming any inflammatory flare-ups via ice, rest, analgesics, anti-inflammatories, possibly a puncture and/or an infiltration… and afterwards, we can give recommendations in terms of physical activity”, specifies Dr Maheu.
These are done on a case-by-case basis, taking into account pain and inflammatory status. There is no prohibited activity, but some are not recommended depending on the joint affected, bearing in mind that it should never hurt. We do not recommend, for example, skiing or sports involving jumps in the event of osteoarthritis of the knee linked to a sporting accident in youth or avoiding walking too frequently on very rough terrain if you are a fan of hiking.
To know : jogging is possible if you stick to it in case of hip or knee osteoarthritis, but with moderate frequency and intensity and good shoes (see below), on flat ground. Even without playing sports, daily physical exercises to strengthen the muscles (for example, the thigh muscles in the case of osteoarthritis of the knee or hip) are a very good treatment.