According to Larousse Médical, “drowning is most often caused by the sudden penetration of water, in large quantities, into the respiratory tract of the subject. However, it may also be due to cardiac arrest occurred in contact with water, resulting in loss of consciousness; this phenomenon, called hydrocutionis observed especially when the water is cold or after exposure to heat or physical exercise.
Each year in France, there are 20,000 accidental drownings which are responsible for more than 500 deaths. »
No matter the age, the place or the level of swimming: swimming involves risks. Before the holidays, it is better to leave informed.
Drowning: do not put yourself in unnecessary danger
If you witness drowning, the firefighters of France recommend that you immediately notify the lifeguards if it is a supervised area. If not, call the emergency services. For this, two useful numbers: 18 or 112.
In addition, it is strongly advised not to intervene unless you feel capable of doing so. No need to risk your own life if you are not a very good swimmer. The firefighters of France insist on this point: “this implies a very good physical condition and very good swimming skills (you must be able to carry the victim in the water). It is common for people who wanted to help to find themselves victims of drowning. »
Once out of the water, if the victim is conscious and breathing, ask them to calm down. You can also lay her down comfortably, cover her up and wait for help. It will be checked to avoid pulmonary complications.
To prevent the risk of accidents related to bathing, the French Red Cross advises: “not to swim alone, and to stay in supervised bathing areas at sea. When the weather conditions are not favorable (high waves, strong currents and winds), it is also recommended not to go swimming. As for children, they must be supervised throughout their swim and be provided with armbands if they cannot swim (well).